The management of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) has undergone dramatic changes over the previous 2 decades with the introduction of multiple new therapies and new combinations. Management of the newly diagnosed asymptomatic patient has not significantly changed outside of the development of a number of prognostic factors and the CLL International Prognostic Index, which is helpful in discussions regarding prognosis and likelihood of requiring treatment. When therapy is required, initial treatment of most patients now includes either the Bruton tyrosine kinase inhibitor ibrutinib or the B-cell lymphoma 2 inhibitor venetoclax in combination with obinutuzumab. Current frontline trials are focused on the optimal sequencing or combination of targeted therapies. In this review, we will discuss the management of previously untreated CLL with an emphasis on the clinical trials that have formed the standard of care, as well as those newer studies that are likely to form the next generation of therapy.

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