Abstract

Although risk for relapse may be the greatest concern following recovery from acquired, autoimmune thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), there are multiple other major health issues that must be recognized and appropriately addressed. Depression may be the most common disorder following recovery from TTP and may be the most important issue for the patient’s quality of life. Severe or moderate depression has occurred in 44% of Oklahoma Registry patients. Recognition of depression by routine screening evaluations is essential; treatment of depression is effective. Minor cognitive impairment is also common. The recognition that cognitive impairment is related to the preceding TTP can provide substantial emotional support for both the patient and her family. Because TTP commonly occurs in young black women, the frequency of systemic lupus erythematosus, as well as other autoimmune disorders, is increased. Because there is a recognized association of TTP with pregnancy, there is always concern for subsequent pregnancies. In the Oklahoma Registry experience, relapse has occurred in only 2 of 22 pregnancies (2 of 13 women). The frequency of new-onset hypertension is increased. The most striking evidence for the impact of morbidities following recovery from TTP is decreased survival. Among the 77 patients who survived their initial episode of TTP (1995-2017), 16 (21%) have subsequently died, all before their expected age of death (median difference, 22 years; range 4-55 years). The conclusion from these observations is clear. Following recovery from TTP, multiple health problems occur and survival is shortened. Therefore, careful continuing follow-up is essential.

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