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Inside Blood

IMMUNOBIOLOGY

Monogenic disorders leading to primary immunodeficiency have fascinated scientists and clinicians alike by their capacity to reveal the complexities of intracellular signaling pathways. Two articles in this issue of Blood by Abdollahpour et al and Nehme et al illustrate this point vividly, describing for the first time the clinical and immunologic phenotype associated with genetic mutations in STK4, manifested largely by a loss of T-cell naiveté.1,2 

GENE THERAPY

In this issue of Blood, Plesa et al demonstrate that human Foxp3+ regulatory T cells can be redirected using MHC class I–restricted T-cell receptors (TCRs), showing a surprising lack of correlation of TCR affinity and their suppressive potency.1 

MYELOID NEOPLASIA

In this issue of Blood, Yan et al1  and Walz et al2  exploit mouse genetics to investigate the contribution of signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 (STAT5) to the abnormal in vivo growth of hematopoietic cells expressing JAK2V617F or BCR-ABL. Eliminating STAT5 expression had dramatic effects in both contexts, and this new work and other recent studies support the therapeutic potential of targeting pathways regulated by this important signaling molecule in patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs).

MYELOID NEOPLASIA

In this issue of Blood, Gerber et al use aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity to further subdivide the CD34+CD38 compartment in the bone marrow of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients. They identify a unique population with intermediate ALDH activity (ALDHint) that contains leukemia stem cells (LSCs). Moreover, persistence of this population after therapy is a marker of clinically significant minimal residual disease.1 

PLATELETS & THROMBOPOIESIS

In this issue of Blood, Pascale and colleagues show that biochemical resistance to aspirin in patients with essential thrombocythemia (ET) can be reversed by twice-daily dosing.1 

THROMBOSIS & HEMOSTASIS

In a highly interesting, intricate, and novel paper in this issue of Blood, Fung and colleagues have extended their previous pioneering studies and now reveal that molecules such as ATP can promote platelet activation through the P2X1 receptor.1 

THROMBOSIS & HEMOSTASIS

Bleeding in hemophilia is the result of factor VIII/IX deficiency with corresponding reduced thrombin production and enhanced fibrinolysis secondary to lower thrombin-activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI) production. Factor replacement is the cornerstone of hemophilia treatment but is often not possible in developing countries.1 

Blood Work

Review Articles

Clinical Trials and Observations

Gene Therapy

Hematopoiesis and Stem Cells

Immunobiology

Lymphoid Neoplasia

Myeloid Neoplasia

Phagocytes, Granulocytes, and Myelopoiesis

Platelets and Thrombopoiesis

Red Cells, Iron, and Erythropoiesis

Thrombosis and Hemostasis

Vascular Biology

Blood Reflections

  • Cover Image

    Cover Image

    issue cover

    The immunoperoxidase image shows a megakaryocyte from a patient with essential thrombocythemia (ET) reacted with anti–cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) antibody and counterstained with hematoxylin. Under conditions of abnormal megakaryopoiesis, such as ET, an accelerated rate of COX-1 resynthesis is biologically plausible in bone marrow megakaryocytes, accompanied by a faster release of immature platelets with unacetylated COX enzyme during the aspirin dosing interval. This pharmacodynamic pattern is associated with incomplete suppression of platelet thromboxane (TX) A2 production in peripheral blood and time-dependent recovery of TXA2-dependent platelet function during the 24-hour dosing interval. See the article by Pascale et al on page 3595.

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