Immune (Ab & T) response to BNT162b2 mRNA covid-19 vaccine have been previously found to be impaired in patients hematological neoplasms
BNT162b2 covid-19 vaccine effectiveness is reduced in patients with hematological neoplasms, especially in those on active therapy
Evidence regarding the effectiveness of covid-19 vaccine in patients with impaired immunity, is limited. Initial observations suggest a lower humoral response in these patients. We evaluated the relative effectiveness of the mRNA BNT162b2 vaccine in patients with hematological neoplasms compared to matched controls. Data on patients with hematological neoplasms after two vaccine doses were extracted and matched 1:1 with vaccinated controls. Subpopulation analyses focused on patients receiving therapy for the hematological neoplasm, patients without treatment who are only followed, and recipients of specific treatments. The analysis focused on covid-19 outcomes from day 7 through 43 following the second vaccine dose: Documented covid-19 infection by PCR; Symptomatic infection; Hospitalizations; Severe covid-19 disease and covid-19-related death. Of a population of 4.7 million insured people, 32,516 patients with hematological neoplasms were identified, of whom 5,017 were receiving therapy for an active disease. Vaccinated patients with hematological neoplasms, compared with vaccinated matched controls, had an increased risk of documented infections (RR 1.60, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.12-2.37), symptomatic covid-19 (RR 1.72, 95% CI 1.05-2.85), covid-19 related hospitalizations (RR 3.13, 95% CI 1.68-7.08), severe covid-19 (RR 2.27, 95% CI 1.18-5.19) and covid-19 related death (RR 1.66, 95% CI 0.72-4.47). Limiting the analysis to patients on hematological treatments showed a higher increased risk. This analysis shows that vaccinated patients with hematological neoplasms, in particular patients on treatment, suffer from covid-19 outcomes more than vaccinated individuals with intact immune system. Ways to enhance covid-19 immunity in this patient population, such as additional doses, should be explored.