Multiple signal transduction cascades, consisting of multiple interacting proteins, are activated following stimulation through most cell surface receptors, including the immunoglobulin receptor of B lymphocytes. In this report, we investigated the multimolecular complexes formed following anti-Ig stimulation of a human B-lymphoma cell line, resulting in activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K). PI3K is a lipid kinase that consists of an 85-kD regulatory subunit, bound to a 110-kD catalytic subunit. CD19 is a 95-kD B-cell surface marker that contains a consensus binding motif for PI3Kp85 in the cytoplasmic domain and recruits PI3K activity in activated B cells. The protein product of the c-cbl protooncogene is a 120-kD protein that is expressed in early B-lineage cells and in myeloid cells and is phosphorylated on tyrosine following receptor-mediated signaling in T and B lymphocytes. We demonstrate here that phosphorylated c-cbl complexes with CD19 and with PI3Kp85 via its C-terminal SH2 domain, and that both c-cbl and CD19 are associated with active PI3K in anti-Ig-stimulated cells. Although we cannot differentiate between a three-component, c-cbl/CD19/p85 complex and individual two-component complexes, these studies suggest that c-cbl may function as a docking protein, possibly linking distinct signal transduction pathways.

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