The murine S100 protein CP-10 is a potent chemotactic factor for murine and human myeloid cells in vivo and in vitro. This is the first report describing regulations of the CP-10 gene by a proinflammatory stimulus, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), in cells of the monocyte/macrophage lineage. Murine monocyte/macrophage-like WEHI 265 and RAW 264.7 cells preexposed to 5 to 50 ng/mL LPS expressed significant levels of CP-10 mRNA 4 hours, and maximal at 20 hours, after a secondary LPS challenge. This was accompanied by increasing levels of cell-associated and released CP- 10 protein. In contrast, a single dose of LPS upregulated CP-10 mRNA in elicited peritoneal macrophages, whereas mRNA and protein levels decreased following LPS challenge. The state of macrophage differentiation may control responsiveness as LPS had no effect on CP- 10 basal levels in bone marrow derived macrophages. LPS-induced CP-10 expression was controlled at the transcriptional level and nuclear run- on and protein synthesis inhibition assays indicated that LPS priming and challenge of RAW cells occurred via distinct pathways. MRP14, another S100 protein generally coordinately expressed with human MRP8, was not induced by LPS under the same conditions. We propose that CP-10 may play a key role in recruitment of leukocytes into tissues in response to gram-negative bacterial infection.

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