Almost half of all cases of severe hemophilia A are caused by recurrent DNA inversions, which disrupt the factor VIII (FVIII) gene. These inversions generally occur between a region of intron 22 (int22h) and one of two homologous copies of this region, located 300 to 400 kb telomeric to the FVIII gene. They are routinely detected by a Bcl I Southern blot assay in which the sizes of two of the three normal hybridization bands are characteristically altered. However, atypical hybridization patterns have been observed, and this report describes the first detailed analysis of a hemophilia A patient with such a pattern. The abnormal result was found to be caused by a novel FVIII inversion involving an extra copy of int22h from a site only 70 to 200 kb telomeric of the FVIII gene. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) allowed one of the inversion junctions to be analyzed, showing that the int22h sequence at this inversion junction was truncated. This patient and his novel inversion provide further evidence that int22h is associated with instability in Xq28.

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