The role of selectins in mediating eosinophil recruitment in vivo was assessed in a model of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced mouse pleurisy. LPS administration resulted in significant eosinophil influx at 24 hours, whereas neutrophil recruitment to the cavity peaked at 4 hours and persisted for 24 hours. The anti-L-selectin monoclonal antibody (MoAb) MEL-14 effectively inhibited (by 97%) eosinophil influx at 24 hours and also inhibited neutrophil recruitment at both times (75% to 95%). Eosinophil recruitment was partially reduced (54%) by the anti-P- selectin MoAb 5H1 but, in contrast, was unaffected by the anti-E- selectin MoAb 10E6. Neutrophil influx at 4 or 24 hours was not affected by the anti-P- or anti-E-selectin MoAbs. However, coadministration of anti-P-selectin and anti-E-selectin was very effective at inhibiting eosinophil influx at 24 hours (86%) and neutrophil influx at 4 (93%) and 24 hours (92%). These results show that all three selectins play a role in LPS-induced eosinophil and neutrophil recruitment in vivo, although P- and E-selectin show a degree of functional redundancy. The demonstration that P-selectin mediates eosinophil but not neutrophil influx suggests that suppressing the function of this adhesion molecule may be beneficial in blocking eosinophil accumulation in pleural inflammation.
Selectins mediate eosinophil recruitment in vivo: a comparison with their role in neutrophil influx
- Share Icon Share
- Tools Icon Tools
- Search Site
- PDF LinkPDF
GM Henriques, JM Miotla, SB Cordeiro, BA Wolitzky, ST Woolley, PG Hellewell; Selectins mediate eosinophil recruitment in vivo: a comparison with their role in neutrophil influx. Blood 1996; 87 (12): 5297–5304. doi: https://doi.org/10.1182/blood.V87.12.5297.bloodjournal87125297
Download citation file: