The role of selectins in mediating eosinophil recruitment in vivo was assessed in a model of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced mouse pleurisy. LPS administration resulted in significant eosinophil influx at 24 hours, whereas neutrophil recruitment to the cavity peaked at 4 hours and persisted for 24 hours. The anti-L-selectin monoclonal antibody (MoAb) MEL-14 effectively inhibited (by 97%) eosinophil influx at 24 hours and also inhibited neutrophil recruitment at both times (75% to 95%). Eosinophil recruitment was partially reduced (54%) by the anti-P- selectin MoAb 5H1 but, in contrast, was unaffected by the anti-E- selectin MoAb 10E6. Neutrophil influx at 4 or 24 hours was not affected by the anti-P- or anti-E-selectin MoAbs. However, coadministration of anti-P-selectin and anti-E-selectin was very effective at inhibiting eosinophil influx at 24 hours (86%) and neutrophil influx at 4 (93%) and 24 hours (92%). These results show that all three selectins play a role in LPS-induced eosinophil and neutrophil recruitment in vivo, although P- and E-selectin show a degree of functional redundancy. The demonstration that P-selectin mediates eosinophil but not neutrophil influx suggests that suppressing the function of this adhesion molecule may be beneficial in blocking eosinophil accumulation in pleural inflammation.