An in vitro culture system demonstrating the transitions from megakaryocyte progenitors to functional platelets is described. CD34- selected cells from normal human peripheral blood are cultured under conditions that promote megakaryocyte formation. After 8 to 11 days, enriched populations of mature megakaryocytes are replated under conditions that favor the development of proplatelets. Proplatelets express the platelet-specific proteins, glycoproteins Ib and IIb (GPIb and GPIIb), and fibrinogen and also contain microtubule coils equal in size to those found in plasma-derived platelets. In addition, proplatelets have ultrastructural features in common with plasma- derived platelets. Platelet-sized particles from the proplatelet culture supernatants are examined. Ultrastructurally, these particles are identical to plasma-derived platelets. Functionally, these culture- derived platelets aggregate in response to both thrombin and adenosine diphosphate (ADP) plus fibrinogen. This aggregation is specifically inhibited by the addition of a function-blocking anti-GPIIbIIIa antibody. Culture-derived platelets stimulated with agonists also express the activation-dependent antigens P-selectin and functional fibrinogen receptor. This is the first description of an in vitro culture system that sequentially demonstrates megakaryocyte growth, development, and platelet production.
Platelets generated in vitro from proplatelet-displaying human megakaryocytes are functional
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ES Choi, JL Nichol, MM Hokom, AC Hornkohl, P Hunt; Platelets generated in vitro from proplatelet-displaying human megakaryocytes are functional. Blood 1995; 85 (2): 402–413. doi: https://doi.org/10.1182/blood.V85.2.402.bloodjournal852402
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