We recently reported that cross-linking the leukocyte common antigen (CD45) can rapidly induce aggregation of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells via lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) interactions. Herein, we have examined both T-cell--monocyte cellular interactions and the molecular signaling that are involved in this phenomenon. Experiments using highly purified T lymphocytes showed that CD45-induced aggregation requires the presence of both T cells and monocytes. Cross- linking CD45 only on T lymphocytes, but not on monocytes, initiated cellular clustering after reconstituting to the respective untreated cell type. By several criteria, CD45-induced clustering of T cells to autologous monocytes was shown to be Fc-receptor--independent. When comparing intracellular signaling in leukocyte aggregation induced by CD45 cross-linking versus phorbol myristate-12–13-acetate (PMA) treatment, the former was found to be fivefold to 10-fold more sensitive to H-8, a reagent that effectively blocks cAMP- and cGMP- dependent protein kinases. On the other hand, reagents that increase intracellular cAMP levels (eg, dbcAMP, forskolin, and IBMX), protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitors (eg, staurosporine), and tyrosine kinase inhibitors (eg, herbimycin A and genistein) all readily inhibited PMA- induced, but not CD45 monoclonal antibody-induced, aggregation. We conclude that cross-linking the leukocyte common antigen on T cells induces LFA-1--/ICAM-1--dependent T-cell--monocyte aggregation through a unique signaling pathway independent of PKC, which involves instead cAMP-/cGMP-dependent protein kinases.