Platelet-derived growth factors (PDGF) are potent regulators of cell proliferation. The three isoforms of PDGF AA, AB, and BB are encoded by two genes: PDGF A and PDGF B. The v-sis oncogene is homologous to the PDGF-B gene. v-sis can transform cells that express the appropriate PDGF receptors. Two different types of receptors, PDGF-alpha and PDGF- beta, also encoded by two genes, have been identified. We show that two cell lines. SMS-SB and NALM-6, both derived from pre-B-cell acute lymphocytic leukemias, express the PDGF-A chain gene, and one of them, SMS-SB, releases PDGF-A chains into the media. The SMS-SB cells also express the PDGF-beta receptor, whereas NALM-6 cells express the PDGF- alpha receptor and bind PDGF. This extends the possible targets for PDGF to the B-cell lineage lymphocytes.