Interstitial deletions of the long arm of chromosome 5 are common in a number of disorders of leukemic and preleukemic myeloid disorders. Although the limits of these deletions vary among patients, a region of cytogenetic overlap that includes band 5q31 is deleted consistently, suggesting loss of 5q31 loci critical for normal myeloid differentiation and leukemogenesis. An anonymous genomic DNA segment D5S89, previously mapped to 5q21–31, detects consistent loss of alleles in cases showing the 5q- chromosome at presentation or relapse. Analysis of a panel of natural-deletion somatic-cell hybrids in conjunction with irradiation hybrids containing fragments of human chromosome 5q shows that the D5S89 locus is telomeric to the interleukin (IL) genes (IL-3, IL-4, IL-5, IL-9, and granulocyte- macrophage colony-stimulating factor [GM-CSF]) and interferon response factor-1 (IRF-1) gene and centromeric to the early response transcription factor (early growth response gene-1 [EGR-1]) on 5q31. To further define the principal region of loss, we have isolated and characterized yeast artificial chromosomes (YACs) spanning D5S89. The presence of several CpG islands within the 300-kb YAC is suggestive of multiple transcription units. However, IL-4, IL-5, IRF-1, IL-3, GM-CSF, and EGR-1 genes were not detected in the YAC clone spanning D5S89, implying that none of these genes are in the vicinity of the D5S89 marker. Further characterization of these YACs should facilitate the isolation of novel candidate genes that may play a role in the evolution of the abnormal phenotype associated with 5q- chromosome.

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