A procedure for uncovering novel protein kinases was used to search for enzymes in neutrophils that may catalyze the phosphorylation of the 47- Kd subunit of the NADPH oxidase system (p47-phox). This component of the oxidase can undergo phosphorylation on multiple sites. The method is based on the ability of renatured kinases to recognize exogenous substrates fixed in gels. We report that neutrophils contain several uncharacterized protein kinases that catalyze the phosphorylation of a peptide substrate that corresponds to amino acid residues 297 through 331 of p47-phox. Some of these enzymes are strongly activated on stimulation of the cells with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA). The results indicate that the phosphorylation of p47-phox in neutrophils may be more complicated than previously appreciated and may involve multiple protein kinases. In addition, we have examined both the renaturable protein kinases and the properties of protein kinase C (PKC) in neutrophils from patients with chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) who are deficient in cytochrome b558. Previous studies have shown that these cells exhibit incomplete phosphorylation of p47-phox on stimulation. In this study, we were unable to detect any alterations in the renaturable protein kinases or PKC in CGD neutrophils that could explain these defects in the phosphorylation of p47-phox.