A parallel-plate perfusion chamber has been used to evaluate the contribution of the adhesive membrane glycoprotein CD36 (GPIV) to platelet adhesion on type I collagen in flowing whole blood at a shear rate of 800 s-1. In one series of experiments, reconstituted normal blood (hematocrit 0.4; platelet count 1.5 x 10(5)/microL) was prepared from washed red blood cells, plasma, and washed platelets that had been incubated with Fab fragments of a monospecific polyclonal anti-CD36 antibody (50 micrograms/mL, 30 minutes, 37 degrees C). Percent surface coverage of collagen-coated coverslips using reconstituted blood with antibody-blocked platelets, as compared with paired reconstituted controls (100%), was 50% at 2 minutes, 87% at 5 minutes, and 90% at 10 minutes. Further studies were performed by perfusion of whole blood from a healthy donor of the Naka-negative phenotype, whose platelets constitutively lack CD36, over collagen-coated coverslips. In this case, percent surface coverage was 55% of normal controls at 2 minutes, 76% of controls at 5 minutes, and 72% of controls at 10 minutes. In both preparations, platelets lacking functional CD36 had a statistically significant decrease (P < .005) in adhesion after 2 minutes and 10 minutes perfusion but not at 5 minutes. These results show that functional CD36 facilitates the rapid adhesion of platelets to collagen and that this effect is seen at the earliest time points of their interaction.

This content is only available as a PDF.