A comparative study of the iron-clearing properties of subcutaneously administered desferrioxamine B (DFO) with those of orally administered desferrithiocin sodium salt (1), desmethyl desferrithiocin (2), desazadesmethyl desferrithiocin sodium salt (3), desazadesmethyl desferrithiocin pivaloyloxymethyl ester (4), and desazadesmethyl-5,5- dimethyl desferrithiocin (5) in an iron-loaded Cebus monkey model and a non-iron overloaded bile duct-cannulated rat model is presented. All six drugs, which performed well in rodent studies, demonstrated increased efficiency in the Cebus monkey model. When administered to rodents at a daily dosage of 384 mumol/kg over a period of 10 days, drug 1 demonstrated severe renal toxicity. whereas drugs 3, 4, and 5 exhibited severe gastrointestinal (GI) toxicity. Under the same experimental protocol, drug 2 did not show significant toxic side effects. In addition, to further evaluate the iron-clearing properties of analogue 2, a dose-response study was performed in the primates that showed that iron excretion increased in a dose-dependent fashion.

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