A 10-year-old Danish girl with congenital anemia is described. At birth, she had severe anemia and erythroblastosis and was transfused a number of times during the first year. The need for transfusions has since declined steadily. Her reticulocyte counts varied between 2% and 15%, and her bone marrow aspirate showed some dyserythropoietic features. Her hemoglobin F level was consistently elevated, up to as much as 41%. Her erythrocytes had a normal level of I antigen but an undetectable level of i antigen. Moreover, embryonic zeta-globin and epsilon-globin chains were present in some of her circulating erythrocytes. These findings may represent the manifestations of a new variant of congenital anemia.

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