Peripheral blood cells (PBC) can hasten hematopoietic recovery after high-dose chemotherapy. To determine if PBC apheresed after mobilization further enhance hematopoietic recovery over that achieved with autologous bone marrow (ABM) and recombinant human granulocyte- macrophage colony-stimulating factor (rhGM-CSF), 14 patients with metastatic solid tumors were supported by ABM and rhGM-CSF during the first course of high doses of cyclophosphamide, etoposide, and cisplatin (CVP) and 11 of these 14 patients by mobilized PBC with ABM and rhGM-CSF during the second CVP. Each patient served as his or her own control. Identical doses of CVP were administered in both courses: cyclophosphamide 5.25 g/m2, etoposide 1,200 mg/m2, and cisplatin 165 to 180 mg/m2. PBC were collected on day 10 after mobilization with cyclophosphamide (3 g/m2) intravenously (IV) on day 1, doxorubicin (50 mg/m2) as a continuous IV infusion over 48 hours starting day 2, and rhGM-CSF as a daily 4-hour IV infusion starting day 4 at 0.6 mg/m2 for 14 days. Comparing recovery in the 11 patients to receive two cycles of therapy, the median days to an absolute neutrophil count of 0.1 x 10(9)/L and 0.5 x 10(9)/L were not statistically significant between the two courses; neither was there a difference in the incidence of fever and bacteremia. The median number of days to platelet count of 0.02 x 10(12)/L unmaintained by platelet transfusion was 20 from marrow infusion for course 1 and 16 for course 2 (P = .059). The median number of days to a platelet count of 0.05 x 10(12)/L was significantly shortened: 24 and 19 days for courses 1 and 2, respectively (P = .045). Patients who received PBC required fewer number of platelet transfusions. Extramedullary toxicities were not different between the groups. Our finding of enhanced early recovery of platelets and reduced platelet transfusion requirement is in concordance with other studies.

This content is only available as a PDF.

Sign in via your Institution