Frequency and clinical significance of myeloid-associated antigen expression in blast cells were assessed in 372 consecutive children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). A comprehensive panel of myeloid monoclonal antibodies representing seven cluster groups showed myeloid-associated antigen expression in 61 cases (16.4%), 18 of which expressed two or more antigens. The antigens expressed comprised CD11b (8.9% of the total series), CD13 (6.5%), CD33 (3.2%), CD36 (1.9%), CD15 (1.6%), CD14 (1.3%), and CDw12 (1.1%). No significant associations were found between myeloid-associated antigen expression and the presence of known adverse prognostic features (eg, higher leukocyte count, nonwhite race, older age). Myeloid-associated antigen expression had no effect on remission induction or event-free survival for the 267 children who had been treated with the same combination of chemotherapeutic agents (P = .34). Thus, blast cell expression of myeloid-associated antigens in childhood ALL appears to lack prognostic value in the context of contemporary intensive chemotherapy.