Endothelial cells express surface molecules that are involved in cell- matrix interaction, including the vitronectin receptor and the fibronectin receptor, both members of a family of cell adhesion receptors (integrins). Here we provide evidence that endothelial cells express a membrane molecule, indistinguishable from the platelet VLA-2 complex, which is a collagen receptor and a member of the integrin family. To identify this endothelial molecule, we have used a monoclonal antibody, CLB-10G11, which recognizes the VLA-2 complex from platelets. The molecule recognized by CLB-10G11 from endothelial cells was characterized as follows. (1) The monoclonal antibody precipitated two proteins from surface-labeled endothelial cells that corresponded to the platelet VLA-2 subunits (glycoprotein Ia and IIa) as judged by one-dimensional sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and two-dimensional nonreduced/reduced SDS- PAGE. (2) Preclearing of endothelial cells with monoclonal antibody A- 1A5, an antibody that is directed against the common VLA beta subunit, removed all the CLB-10G11-binding material. (3) Crossed immunoelectrophoresis revealed that CLB-10G11 recognizes a single precipitation arc from either platelets or endothelial cells. Analysis of these two cell types in one gel again revealed one precipitation arc. The antigen of either cell type, recognized by CLB-10G11 could be precipitated by either polyclonal antiplatelet or polyclonal antiendothelial cell antiserum. Hence, it appears that endothelial cells express at least three different surface molecules (the vitronectin receptor, the fibronectin receptor and a collagen receptor), which may play an important role in controlling the anchorage of endothelial cells to the extracellular matrix.