The human fibrinogen B beta chain was expressed in Escherichia coli to study the functions of fibrinogen associated with this subunit. Recombinant B beta chains were expressed at 100 ng/mL in an IPTG- dependent manner. A first cistron sequence, inserted into the expression vector 5′ to the B beta chain cDNA, was required to express the protein. Recombinant B beta chains were expressed within five minutes after induction with IPTG and were soluble in physiologic buffers. The recombinant B beta chains migrated on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) at a rate identical to B beta chains from fibrinogen treated with N-glycanase. Recombinant B beta chains were cleaved by thrombin, as demonstrated by the loss of cross-reactivity with a monoclonal antibody (MoAb) specific for the undigested B beta 1–42 fragment. The levels of expression of the B beta chain were much lower than those reported previously for the gamma chain of fibrinogen expressed in a similar vector in E coli. However, these levels are sufficient to allow further characterization of this fibrinogen subunit.