The involvement of the erythropoietin (EPO), plasminogen activator inhibitor type I (PAI1), and multi-drug resistance (MDR2) genes located in chromosomal region 7q21–22 was studied in patients with myeloid disorders and with or without a chromosome 7 abnormality. Separated blood mononuclear cells and granulocytes from 21 patients were used in restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) studies with gene- specific DNA probes. A marked weakness of one of the allelic bands was observed in granulocyte-derived DNA from heterozygous patients with monosomy 7. In four patients with a partial deletion of chromosome 7 long arm (7q-), marked weakness of an allelic band was observed in granulocyte-derived DNA with PAI1 probe (four heterozygous patients) and MDR2 probe (one heterozygous patient), implying deletion of these genes. In contrast, the EPO gene was not deleted in these patients, as demonstrated by the presence of two allelic bands of equal strength in granulocyte-derived DNA (two patients) or by gene dosage estimation (two patients). Two allelic bands of equal strength were also observed in three heterozygous patients with an arbitrary probe (pKV13) located in 7cen-q21.3. Unexpected hemizygosity or hybridization bands were not observed in any patient. We conclude that PAI1 and MDR2 are located distally of EPO in 7q22, and that none of these genes is commonly rearranged in myeloid disorders. The chromosome 7 long arm deletion breakpoint is located in a relatively narrow segment between the PAI1 and EPO genes in different patients. The deletion may involve a specific site in DNA, since the genetic distance between the PAI1 and EPO genes is only 3 cM.