A panel of mouse monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) was raised that react with platelet glycoproteins (GP) IIb or IIIa. On immunofluorescence, the MoAbs reacted with 30% to 40% of the human erythroleukemia (HEL) cells. When the HEL cells were induced to spread on fibronectin in the presence of 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), the MoAbs reacted with the focal adhesion sites. Only some of the GPIIIa MoAbs reacted with cells other than platelets, megakaryocytes, or HEL cells, and these showed focal adhesion sites in cultured human endothelial cells, fibroblasts, and epithelial cells from normal kidney tubules. They did not react, however, with transformed fibroblasts, fibrosarcoma cells, cultured cells from hypernephromas, or cultured human amnion epithelial cells. The results suggest that the platelet-type GPIIb/IIIa complex is only expressed in cells showing an ability to define megakaryoblastic differentiation. Localization of the GPIIb/IIIa complex at the induced focal adhesion sites in HEL cells and localization of the GPIIIa-like molecules in other cells suggest their direct role in the adhesion process and in the actomyocin organization of adherent cells.