A dog with severe recurrent bacterial infections, impaired pus formation, delayed wound healing, and severe persistent leukocytosis was the result of a mother-son mating. Assessment of leukocyte function revealed profound abnormalities in adherence-dependent activities including impaired granulocyte adhesion to glass/plastic surfaces or nylon wool, decreased granulocyte aggregation and chemotaxis, and diminished lymphocyte blastogenesis, but normal neutrophil oxidative activity, serum immunoglobulin, and complement levels. By immunofluorescence analysis, CD11b and CD18 monoclonal antibodies specific for the 155-kd alpha polypeptide of Mo1 (gp 155, 94) and the 94 kd beta peptide common to Mo1, LFA-1 (gp 170, 94), and Leu M5 (p 150, 94) (surface molecules that promote leukocyte adhesion) failed to bind to unstimulated and A23187 calcium ionophore-stimulated granulocytes or mononuclear cells of the affected dog as compared with strong specific binding to canine control cells. The Mo1 glycoproteins were only barely detectable by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) of immunoprecipitates from lysates of 125I surface-labeled neutrophils from the affected dog as compared with intense bands seen with canine control cell precipitates. We conclude that this dog has a severe leukocyte surface glycoprotein deficiency syndrome that is similar, if not identical, to that recently recognized in humans. Dogs with deficiency of leukocyte Mo1, LFA-1, and Leu M5 expression may represent a useful animal model to characterize further the molecular basis for an inherited disorder in leukocyte effector function.