A case of lymphoid blast crisis of Ph1-positive CGL is described in which the blast cells had an immature T cell phenotype, clonal rearrangement and expression of the T cell receptor beta gene, and a rearrangement of the breakpoint cluster region (bcr) on chromosome 22. This case therefore provides definite evidence for transformation involving a common myeloid-T lineage progenitor, penetrance of the Ph1 molecular alteration into the T cell lineage, and clonal selection in blast crisis at the level of a committed T lineage precursor.

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