Two human diseases of platelet storage pool deficiency (SPD), Hermansky- Pudlak syndrome and Chediak-Higashi syndrome, are recessively inherited disorders characterized by hypopigmentation, prolonged bleeding, and normal platelet counts accompanied by a reduction in dense granule number. We have recently described seven independent recessive mutations in the mouse regulated by separate genes which are likely animal models for human SPD. Reciprocal bone marrow transplants were carried out between normal C57BL/6J mice and two of these mutants, beige and pallid, in order to test whether the platelet defects are due to a defect in platelet progenitor cells or to humoral factors. Normal and congenic mutant mice were transplanted with marrow after 950 rad whole body radiation. The long bleeding times and low serotonin concentrations of the two mutants were converted to normal values after transplantation with normal marrow. Likewise, normal mice displayed symptoms of SPD when transplanted with mutant marrow. These studies demonstrate that with each of the two mutations, platelet SPD results from a defect in bone marrow precursor cells. Also, the studies suggest that in severe cases, platelet SPD may be successfully treated by bone marrow transplantation.