A case of transcobalamin II (TCII) deficiency in which a total absence of TCII was demonstrated both functionally and immunologically is reported. Unlike previously described patients, this child has been maintained on oral hydroxocobalamin, 2 mg daily, without any parenteral supplementation for the last five years. At the age of six years her development is normal and her health is good. Plasma cobalamin levels are in the range of 3,000 ng/L and most of this appears to be bound to a molecule, which on gel filtration, elutes with albumin. In an extended family study, a clear separation of heterozygotes from both the propositus and from normal subjects suggests that the underlying defect in this condition is confined to a single gene.