Platelets from a platelet factor 3-deficient patient, which was first described by Weiss et al (Am J Med 67:206, 1979), were found to be equally impaired in their ability to promote factor X and prothrombin activation. Compared to normal platelets, the patient's platelets showed upon stimulation with thrombin plus collagen a much slower generation and a considerably lower level of platelet prothrombin- and factor X-converting activities. Treatment of stimulated platelets with phospholipases revealed a decreased exposure of negatively charged phospholipid at the outer surface of the patient's platelets, relative to control's. We suggest that the combined impairment of prothrombin- and factor X-converting activities in this patient is due to a defect in the mechanism by which phosphatidylserine becomes exposed at the outer surface of stimulated platelets.

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