We recently described a monoclonal antibody, 10E5 , that completely blocks adenosine diphosphate (ADP) induced fibrinogen binding to platelets and aggregation induced by ADP, epinephrine, and thrombin. Multiple lines of evidence indicate that 10E5 binds to platelet membrane glycoproteins IIb and/or IIIa. Because it has been reported that platelets treated with chymotrypsin aggregate when fibrinogen is added, we tested the effect of 10E5 antibody on chymotrypsin-induced fibrinogen binding and platelet aggregation. Aspirin-treated human platelets were washed in modified Tyrode's buffer (pH 7.5), incubated for 5 minutes at 22 degrees C with 300 micrograms/mL chymotrypsin, and washed again. The amount of 10E5 antibody bound to these platelets (37,232 +/- 2,928 molecules/platelet; mean +/- SEM, N=9) was similar to that bound to unstimulated control platelets (36,910 +/- 2,669) and did not differ significantly from the amount of antibody bound to ADP- treated platelets (P less than .01, N = 5). The amount of 10E5 bound to chymotrypsin-treated platelets correlated directly with the amount of fibrinogen bound to separate aliquots of the same platelet samples (r = .876, P less than .001). The 10E5 antibody caused virtually complete inhibition of both the binding of fibrinogen to chymotrypsin-treated platelets and the aggregation induced by exogenous fibrinogen. Immunoprecipitation studies of 125I-labeled chymotrypsin-treated platelets revealed that the 10E5 antibody bound proteins with molecular weights characteristic of glycoproteins IIb and IIIa. These data suggest that the fibrinogen receptor on chymotrypsin-treated platelets is identical to that on ADP-treated platelets and that this receptor is either near to, or on, the glycoprotein IIb/IIIa complex.