The expression of monomorphic Ia-like antigens and polymorphic (allotypic) HLA-DR determinants on CFU-GM, BFU-E, CFU-E, and CFU-GEMM was studied in bone marrow and peripheral blood cells from normal healthy individuals. Using various polyclonal and monoclonal anti-Ia- like antibodies, the presence of HLA-DR backbone antigens was shown on all hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPC) studied, both in complement- dependent cytotoxicity assays and in fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS). The expression of allotypic determinants was demonstrated on all HPCs, using the HLA-DR typing sera anti-HLA-DR1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 7. The Class II antigen MT-2 was also shown on all HPCs, using both monoclonal and alloantisera, whereas the MB-1 (DC-1) determinant could not be demonstrated on HPCs. This might open the possibility of removing MB-1-positive malignant cells from the graft in autologous bone marrow transplantation.