Although rare cases of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) of the T-cell type have been reported, CLL is more commonly found to be a neoplastic lymphoproliferative disease of B-cell origin. In this article, we describe a patient with long-standing CLL that was immunologically shown to be of the B-cell type, who, during the course of his disease, developed cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL), which was shown to be of the helper/inducer subtype. The neoplastic lymphoid cells in the skin infiltrate differed morphologically and immunologically from those in the peripheral blood. The occurrence of CTCL during this patient's clinical course represents a second neoplasm arising from a different cell line, rather than a tissue manifestation of the patient's CLL. To our knowledge, this is the first report in which the occurrence of CTCL is documented in a patient with immunologically known B-cell CLL. In addition to establishing the presence of B-cell CLL and CTCL of the helper/inducer T-cell type in the same patient, this case report demonstrates the usefulness and necessity of evaluating lymphoproliferative disorders by means of a multidisciplinary approach.

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