We have compared apparent molecular weights of purified factor VIII procoagulant protein (VIII:C) and VIII:C antigen (VIII:CAg) by two different NaDodSO4 gel electrophoretic techniques. In a discontinuous NaDodSO4–7.5% polyacrylamide system, reduced and unreduced VIII:C, purified from commercial factor VIII concentrates by a monoclonal antibody immunoadsorption technique, showed a major doublet at mol wt 0.79 and 0.8 X 10(5) and less intense bands extending up to 1.9 X 10(5). In NaDodSO4–4% polyacrylamide/0.5% agarose gels (NaDodSO4–4% PAAGE), purified VIII:C had a major band of mol wt 1.0 X 10(5), with minor bands of mol wt 0.96, 1.1, 1.4, 1.6, 1.8, 2.2, and 2.4 X 10(5). In NaDodSO4–4% PAAGE of 125I-anti-VIII:C-Fab-VIII:CAg complexes, the major and minor forms of VIII:CAg in purified VIII:C had the same molecular weight as above when calculated by subtracting the molecular weight of 125I-Fab from 125I-Fab-VIII:CAg. In both plasma and factor VIII concentrate, a band of mol wt 2.4 X 10(5) predominated, and minor VIII:CAg forms of mol wt 2.6, 1.8, 1.2 and 1.0 X 10(5) were also visible. We conclude that the molecular weight of plasma VIII:CAg forms agree with those derived from protein stains of purified VIII:C in the NaDodSO4–4% PAAGE system, but that consistently lower molecular weight values are obtained for purified VIII:C in the discontinuous system. Both native and either disaggregated or proteolyzed VIII:C species are present in the purified VIII:C preparation.