There have been reports of a 24–48-hr delay in the recovery of platelet cyclooxygenase activity and platelet function after the ingestion of aspirin. However, these studies employed a single aggregating agent to stimulate enzymatic or functional activity. We investigated the effects of some pairs of aggregating agents on 14 platelet-rich plasmas (PRP) from normal subjects 2 and 4 hr after ingestion of 650 mg aspirin and daily up to 72 hr. We studied platelet aggregation and secretion with a lumiaggregometer and thromboxane-B2 formation by radioimmunoassay. Aggregation and secretion occurred as early as 4 hr after aspirin ingestion in response to combinations of arachidonic acid with epinephrine, collagen, or adenosine diphosphate (ADP). Thromboxane formation was detected as early as 4 hr after ingestion of aspirin in response to 1 mM arachidonic acid in combination with 1 microgram/ml collagen. Up to 72 hr, there was a linear return of thromboxane formation stimulated by this combination, reflecting the entry of new platelets into the circulation. In vitro experiments with mixtures of aspirin-free and aspirin-treated platelets showed that the combination of collagen and arachidonic acid (AA) could produce full aggregation and secretion when only 2.5% of aspirin-free platelets were present. Use of the combination of collagen plus AA demonstrates the early entry into the circulation of platelets originating from megakaryocytes whose cyclooxygenase has not been completely acetylated.