Eight patients with Fanconi's anemia were given cyclophosphamide alone (seven patients) or combined with procarbazine and antithymocyte globulin (one patient) followed by marrow grafts from HLA-identical siblings. All patients had engraftment. Seven developed acute and three chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Three patients died with GVHD and infectious complications (days 19, 56, and 82) and one with an intracerebral hemorrhage (day 540). Four patients are surviving 647- 3435 days after grafting, two are well, and two have chronic GVHD that is improving. These results show that Fanconi's anemia can be treated successfully by allogeneic marrow transplantation.

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