Abstract

Twenty dogs with naturally occurring metastatic tumors were treated with anticoagulants (Warfarin) or platelet enzyme inhibitor drugs (dipyridamole, dipyridamole plus aspirin, RA233, sulfinpyrazone, or a combination of RA233 and sulfinpyrazone) to determine if tumor-related reductions in platelet survival and concentration could be reversed. Anticoagulation was ineffective, while platelet enzyme inhibitors were able to produce improvements in platelet survival. Of the 18 dogs with metastatic tumor treated with platelet enzyme inhibitors, only 5 (28%) showed a reduction in platelet survival during the first week of observation on therapy compared to their baseline survivals. This is significantly different than the decreases in platelet survivals observed in 8 of 10 untreated dogs (80%) with metastatic tumor observed for the same interval. Furthermore, 8 of the 18 treated dogs (44%) had platelet survivals within 2 standard deviations of normal, compared to only 1 of 10 untreated dogs. Of the 8 dogs with normal platelet survivals, 6 were treated with a combination of a phosphodiesterase inhibitor (RA233 or dipyridamole) and a cyclooxygenase inhibitor (sulfinpyrazone or aspirin). The combination of RA233 and sulfinpyrazone was the best drug program tested and resulted in normal platelet survivals in 63% and improved platelet counts in 75% of the animals treated. Thus, platelet enzyme inhibitors with different mechanisms of action may have a synergistic effect in reversing the abnormal platelet hemostasis found in a variety of spontaneously occurring canine neoplasms.

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