Abstract

Partially purified preparations of porcine factor VIII:C were used to immunize mice and spleen cells from the immunized animals were fused to NS-1 mouse myeloma cells. The ability of hybrid culture fluids to bind factor VIII:C was detected with a radiolabelled, affinity-purified, human antihuman VIII:C inhibitor. Three cloned hybrid lines have been obtained that preferentially bind to VIII:C when compared to von Willebrand factor binding. Two of these monoclonal antibodies partially inhibit VIII:C coagulant activity. The third antibody does not inhibit VIII:C, but it can be used as an affinity reagent to absorb dissociated VIII:C out of solution. Active coagulant can be recovered by elution in 50% ethylene glycol. The VIII:C obtained has a specific activity of 6 units/micrograms based on absorbance measurements. When analyzed on SDS gels, the unactivated VIII:C contains 3 bands of apparent molecular weight 166,000, 130,000 and 76,000. Thrombin treatment results in a 40 fold increase in activity and cleavage to products of 76,000, 67,000 an 50,000 and small amounts of lower molecular weight peptides. EDTA inactivation of the factor VIII:C results in the separation of the 166,000 and 130,000 chains from the 76,000 chain, suggesting a Ca++ dependent noncovalent interaction among the chains.

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