After lethal irradiation of C57BL mice followed by the injection of 10(7) marrow cells, total cellularity and progenitor cell levels exceeded pretreatment levels within 12 days in the spleen, but regeneration remained incomplete in the marrow. The exceptional regenerative capacity of progenitor populations in the spleen was observed in organ cultures of spleen slices prepared 24 hr after irradiation and transplantation, excluding continuous repopulation from the marrow as a significant factor in splenic regeneration.

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