Cytotoxicity of melphalan to murine L1210 leukemia cells was reduced to a limiting maximum value of 50% by 2-aminobicyclo[2,2,1]heptane-2- carboxylic acid (BCH), indicating that cytotoxicity is partially dependent on drug uptake by system L. L-Leucine, but not alpha- aminoisobutyric acid (AIB), completely reduced the remaining 50% of drug cytotoxicity. These results contrast with those obtained with a sensitive host tissue, the bone marow progenitor cells of the white cell series (CFU-C), in that a high-affinity leucine transport system corresponding to system L was not identified.

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