Abstract

An immunohistochemical procedure for the detection of immunoglobulin G adherent to platelets is described. The peroxidase anti-peroxidase method is used to detect antibody activity directed against platelets from normal donors in the sera from 305 individuals. These subjects were divided into three groups: group 1, patients referred for tissue typing; group 2, healthy normal females; group 3, healthy normal males. In group 1, 28% of the sera were found to be positive; in most of these a history of prior transfusions was obtained. In group 2, 7.4% were found to be positive, most having previous pregnancies. Only 1% were found to be positive in group 3, and no reason for presensitization was found. Results from the indirect immunofluorescence technique served as a control and as a means to compare the sensitivity. Under the conditions chosen, the peroxidase anti-peroxidase test was two to eight times more sensitive than the immunofluorescence technique. Specificity of the peroxidase anti-peroxidase technique was demonstrated using a monospecific anti-PLA1 antiserum. It is concluded that the peroxidase anti-peroxidase slide technique may be a useful tool in the study of platelet-related immunophenomena.

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