In subagglutinating amounts, an IgG antibody isolated from the plasma of a polytransfused thrombasthenic patient (L) inhibited ADP-, epinephrine-, collagen-, and thrombin-induced aggregation of normal human platelets. The inhibition of ADP-induced aggregation was strongly diminished following the prior incubation of the antibody with control human platelet stroma but not with the stroma prepared from the platelets of two different thrombasthenic patients. The IgG(L) did not affect the binding of 14C-ADP to control human platelet membranes and did not inhibit the ADP-induced shape change. Bovine factor VIIIVWF- induced agglutination and ristocetin-induced aggregation of control human platelets were not inhibited in the presence of the antibody. The IgG(L) strongly inhibited ADP-induced retraction of reptilase clot and thrombin-induced clot retraction. This antibody therefore induced a thrombasthenialike state in normal human platelets, suggesting that the antigenic site recognized by the antibody plays a central role in the later stages of the mechanism of platelet aggregation induced by physiologic aggregation-inducing agents.