Seventy-three patients with advanced non-Hodgkin lymphoma were treated with bleomycin, Adriamycin, cyclophosphamide, vincristine (Oncovin) and prednisone (BACOP), administered intensively during a 7-wk induction course followed by intermittent cycles every 3 wk for a total of 28 wk. The objective response in 44 evaluable nonleukemic patients with diffuse histology was 86%, with 66% achieving a complete remission (CR), varying from 80% for diffuse poorly differentiated lymphocytic (DPDL) to 56% for diffuse histiocytic (DH) lymphoma. In patients with nodular histology 89% (8/9) achieved a CR with a projected 75% of patiients in CR at 14 mo. Median follow-up from time of CR for nodular histology was 17 mo. The projected median duration of CR in diffuse histology was 14 mo. with median survival 14 mo. Patients with a partial response survived a median of 7 mo, compared to 3 mo for nonresponders. Of 29 patients with diffuse histology, 17 (59%) have remained disease free for 5–34 mo with a median follow-up of 12 mo. Survival beyond 20 mo has been projected for 42% of patients with diffuse histology (58% with DPDL and 32% with DH). The central nervous system (CNS) was involved in a total of 11/44 (25%) patients with diffuse histology, including 5 with primary CNS relapse. BACOP resulted in a higher CR rate and longer survival than a previous three-drug program (COP), especially in patients with diffuse histology.