Platelet function studies were performed on two patients with the Chediak-Higashi syndrome, one of whom had a history of easy bruising unrelated to thrombocytopenia. Both patients had prolonged bleeding times, abnormal platelet aggregation, and a defect of platelet storage granules, manifested by reduced platelet ADP, an increased ATP/ADP ratio, increased adenine nucleotide specific radioactivity after 3H- adenine labeling, and decreased platelet uptake of radioactive 5- hydroxytryptamine. These findings confirm preliminary data in animals with the Chediak-Higashi syndrome, provide and explanation for impaired primary hemostasis in these patients, and illustrate another disorder in which platelet storage-pool deficiency occurs.

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