Urinary Bence Jones protein and amyloid fibril protein isolated from the subcutaneous tissue of a patient with IgD myeloma and associated amyloidosis were subjected to physicochemical and immunochemical identification. Peptide maps and amino-terminal tetrapeptide composition obtained from the two proteins were comparable. Immunochemical cross-reactivity between the two proteins, with other lambda-type amyloid and Bence Jones proteins, and with a serum component was demonstrated. The results suggest that the source of the amyloid fibril protein is an intact circulating light polypeptide chain as well as smaller amino-terminal fragments.

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