Seven patients with severe hypoplastic anemia were studied at an army Tropical Disease Center. Four of the 7 patients had concomitant dermatitis. The relationship of the prolonged administration of atabrine to the anemia and dermatitis is presented. A hematologic remission could not be induced by specific therapeutic measures. Four of the 7 cases recovered spontaneously.

ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors are indebted to Miss Mary L. Boyd for her painstaking supervision of the hematologic studies.

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