Two cases of miliary tuberculosis that were diagnosed clinically as lymphocytic leukemia are presented. Both cases had evidence of chronic tuberculosis which was of 43 years’ duration in Case 1 and of 28 years’ duration in Case 2. Both patients had granulocytopenia and anemia.

Autopsy findings revealed no evidence of leukemic infiltration, but a diffuse miliary tuberculosis, involving all of the hematopoietic tissues, existed in both Cases.

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