Introduction: Selinexor is a first-in-class Selective Inhibitor of Nuclear Export (SINE) that blocks XPO1, forcing the nuclear retention and re-activation of tumor suppressor proteins including p53, p73, FOXO, I□B and Rb. The phase 2b SADAL study included 134 patients with relapsed or refractory DLBCL with single agent oral selinexor twice weekly. The overall response rate (ORR) was 29.1%, median duration of response (DOR) was 9.3 months and the median overall survival (OS) was 9 months. Based on these data, selinexor was recently approved by the US FDA for the treatment of relapsed or refractory DLBCL, de novo or transformed from follicular lymphoma. Patients with DLBCL tend to be older (over the age of 65) and have a number of comorbidities, which limits the use of aggressive and multi-agent combination therapies. We performed post-hoc analyses of the SADAL study to determine the effects of age on the efficacy and safety of selinexor in this population.

Methods: The SADAL study is multi-center, open-label Phase 2b study that enrolled patients with DLBCL previously treated with 2-5 lines of therapy. Patients may have progressed post-stem cell therapy (SCT) or were not candidates for SCT. In this study, 60 mg of selinexor was administered twice weekly until disease progression. The primary endpoint was ORR, and other endpoints included DOR, OS, and safety assessments. For the current analysis, outcomes were assessed in patients <65 versus those ≥65 years old.

Results: Of the 134 patients enrolled in the study, 52 (39%) were <65 and 82 (61%) were ≥65 years old. In the <65 group, 14% patients had baseline creatine clearance (CrCl) of 30-<60 mL/min compared with 33% in ≥65 group. Patients with transformed DLBCL accounted for 17% and 27% of patients in the <65 and ≥65 groups, respectively. Subtype analysis revealed 43% GCB and 55% non-GCB DLBCL in ≥65 year olds, and 54% GCB and 40% non-GCB in the <65 group. The <65 group had baseline ECOG performance status of 2 in 8% compared with 13% in the ≥65 group. Patients < 65 received numerically higher median doses of selinexor (1360 and 770 mg [p=0.079]) and a longer duration of treatment (13.5 vs. 8.0 weeks [p=0.049]). There was no statistical difference in ORR in patients <65 vs. ≥65 years old: 36.5% vs. 24.4% (p=0.189). The complete response (CR) rates were 17.3% and 11% (p=0.431), respectively. Median DORs were similar at 9.7 months in the <65 compared to 9.2 months in the ≥65 year olds. While the median progression-free survival (PFS) (3.6 and 2.3 months) was similar between groups, the OS was higher in the <65 year olds: 13.7 vs. 7.8 months (p=0.037). The incidence of treatment-related AEs was comparable between both groups: The most common grade ≥3 AEs in <65 versus ≥65 year olds were thrombocytopenia (42.3% vs. 39.0%), nausea (3.8% vs. 7.3%), and fatigue (5.8% vs. 13.4%). Treatment-related serious AEs occurred in 11.5% of patients <65 (n=6) and 26.8% ≥65 (n=22), with general disorders and administration site conditions (n=12) and fatigue (n=6) as the largest contributors in the ≥65 group. Treatment discontinuations due to AEs occurred at a lower incidence in the <65 group compared with >65 (3.8% vs. 11.0%).

Conclusions: Patients with relapsed/refractory DLBCL who were ≥65 years had a similar clinical benefit to those <65 when treated with selinexor, with comparable ORR, CR, PFS, DOR, and safety profile. As expected, younger patients (<65 years old) had a longer overall survival than those ≥65 years old, most likely due to comorbid medical conditions in the patients ≥65 years. These results indicate that selinexor can induce durable responses in younger and older patients with heavily pretreated DLBCL with similar tolerability.

Disclosures

Schuster:Amgen, Abbvie, Gilead, Takeda, Celgene, Pharmacyclics, Astellas, Verastem, Merck, Novartis, Takeda, Genentech,, Seattle Genetics: Other: Personal Fees; Karyopharm: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Canales:Janssen: Honoraria; Roche: Speakers Bureau; Gilead: Honoraria; Sandoz: Honoraria; Janssen: Speakers Bureau; Sandoz: Speakers Bureau; Roche: Speakers Bureau; Novartis: Honoraria; Karyopharm: Honoraria; Janssen: Honoraria; Celgene: Honoraria; Sandoz: Honoraria; Roche: Honoraria; Takeda: Speakers Bureau; Novartis: Honoraria; Sandoz: Speakers Bureau; iQone: Honoraria; Karyopharm: Honoraria; Takeda: Speakers Bureau; Roche: Honoraria; Janssen: Speakers Bureau. Westin:Genentech: Consultancy, Research Funding; Novartis: Consultancy, Research Funding; Curis: Consultancy, Research Funding; BMS: Consultancy, Research Funding; Kite: Consultancy, Research Funding; Astra Zeneca: Consultancy, Research Funding; Morphosys: Consultancy, Research Funding; 47: Research Funding; Amgen: Consultancy; Janssen: Consultancy, Research Funding. Zijlstra:Roche: Research Funding. Follows:Karyopharm, Roche, Abbvie, Astrazeneca, Janssen, BMS: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Karmali:Takeda: Research Funding; Karyopharm: Honoraria; AstraZeneca: Speakers Bureau; BeiGene: Speakers Bureau; BMS/Celgene/Juno: Honoraria, Other, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Gilead/Kite: Honoraria, Other, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau. Kalakonda:Verastem, Gilead, Celgene, Roche: Research Funding; Gilead, Janssen, Karyopharm: Honoraria. Goy:Constellation: Research Funding; Regional Cancer Care Associates/OMI: Current Employment; COTA: Consultancy, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company, Other: leadership role; Infinity: Research Funding; Karyopharm: Research Funding; PracticeUpdate Oncology: Consultancy; MD Anderson: Research Funding; AbbVie: Research Funding; Acerta: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: leadership role, Research Funding; AstraZeneca: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: leadership role, Research Funding; Xcenda: Consultancy; Infinity Verastem: Research Funding; RCCA/OMI: Current Employment; Morphosys: Research Funding; Genentech/Roche: Research Funding; Hackensack UMC and University of Nebraska: Research Funding; Bayer: Research Funding; Celgene: Honoraria, Research Funding; Janssen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: leadership role, Research Funding; Kite, a Gilead Company: Consultancy, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company, Honoraria, Other: leadership role, Research Funding; CALBG: Research Funding. Casasnovas:Roche: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: travel, accomodations, expenses, Research Funding; Gilead: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: TRAVEL, ACCOMMODATIONS, EXPENSES (paid by any for-profit health care company), Research Funding; Takeda: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: TRAVEL, ACCOMMODATIONS, EXPENSES (paid by any for-profit health care company), Research Funding; Abbvie: Consultancy, Honoraria; MSD: Consultancy, Honoraria; Amgen: Consultancy, Honoraria. Thieblemont:Celgene: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: TRAVEL, ACCOMMODATIONS, EXPENSES (paid by any for-profit health care company); AbbVie: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: TRAVEL, ACCOMMODATIONS, EXPENSES (paid by any for-profit health care company); Cellectis: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: TRAVEL, ACCOMMODATIONS, EXPENSES (paid by any for-profit health care company), Speakers Bureau; Bristol-Myers Squibb: Consultancy, Other: TRAVEL, ACCOMMODATIONS, EXPENSES (paid by any for-profit health care company); Amgen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: TRAVEL, ACCOMMODATIONS, EXPENSES (paid by any for-profit health care company); Hospira: Research Funding; Kite, a Gilead Company: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: TRAVEL, ACCOMMODATIONS, EXPENSES (paid by any for-profit health care company); Incyte: Honoraria; Bayer: Honoraria; Roche: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: TRAVEL, ACCOMMODATIONS, EXPENSES (paid by any for-profit health care company), Research Funding; Novartis: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: travel support. Cavallo:Gilead: Other: Speaker Fee; Takeda, Janssen: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Hill:Pharmacyclics: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Beigene: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; AstraZenica: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Kite, a Gilead Company: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Novartis: Consultancy, Honoraria; BMS: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Celgene: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Takeda: Research Funding; Karyopharm: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Abbvie: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Genentech: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding. Tilly:BMS: Honoraria. Jaeger:Novartis: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Gilead: Honoraria, Research Funding; Karyopharm: Honoraria; CDR Life AG: Consultancy, Research Funding; Miltenyi: Consultancy, Honoraria; F. Hoffmann-La Roche: Honoraria, Research Funding; BMS/Celgene: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; AbbVie: Honoraria. Gurion:JC Health CARE: Consultancy, Honoraria; Medison: Consultancy, Honoraria; Gilead Sciences: Consultancy, Honoraria; Takeda Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy, Honoraria; Roche: Consultancy, Honoraria. Caimi:Celgene Corp: Other: Incyte Corporation - Ownership - Pharmacyclics, Inc. - Ownership - Celgene Corp. - Other, Speakers Bureau; ADC Therapeutics: Research Funding; Genentech: Research Funding. Martin:Janssen: Consultancy; Regeneron: Consultancy; Teneobio: Consultancy; Celgene: Consultancy; Sandoz: Consultancy; I-MAB: Consultancy; Bayer: Consultancy; Beigene: Consultancy; Cellectar: Consultancy; Incyte: Consultancy; Kite: Consultancy; Morphosys: Consultancy; Karyopharm: Consultancy, Research Funding. Davies:Roche: Other: TRAVEL, ACCOMMODATIONS, EXPENSES; Roche, Celgene, Kite Pharma, Acerta, Karyopharma, Regeneron, Incyte: Consultancy; Roche, Acerta Pharma, AstraZeneca, Celgene, Gilead, ADC Therapeutics, Gilead: Research Funding; Celegene, Roche, Kite Pharma, Celegene: Honoraria. Smith:TG Therapeutics: Consultancy, Research Funding; Genentech/Roche: Consultancy, Other: Support of parent study and funding of editorial support, Research Funding; FortySeven: Research Funding; Karyopharm: Consultancy, Research Funding; Pharmacyclics: Research Funding; Acerta: Research Funding; Celgene: Consultancy, Research Funding; BMS: Consultancy; Janssen: Consultancy. Collins:Amgen: Research Funding; Pfizer: Honoraria; Celgene: Research Funding; Celleron: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Novartis: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; ADC Therapeutics: Consultancy, Honoraria; Roche: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: travel, accommodations, expenses , Speakers Bureau; Taekda: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: travel, accommodations, expenses, Speakers Bureau; Gilead: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; MSD: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; BeiGene: Consultancy; BMS: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau. Salles:Abbvie: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: Participation in educational events; Novartis: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other; MorphoSys: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other; Debiopharm: Consultancy; Genmab: Consultancy; Karyopharm: Consultancy; Amgen: Honoraria, Other: Participation in educational events; Kite: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other; Epizyme: Consultancy; F. Hoffman-La Roche Ltd: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other; Takeda: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other; Bristol Myers Squibb: Consultancy, Other; Autolus: Consultancy; Gilead: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: Participation in educational events; Janssen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: Participation in educational events; Celgene: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: Participation in educational events. Ma:Karyopharm: Current Employment, Current equity holder in private company. Corona:Karyopharm: Current Employment. Saint-Martin:Karyopharm: Current Employment. Joshi:Karyopharm Therapeutics Inc: Consultancy. Chamoun:Karyopharm: Current Employment. Wang:Curis: Ended employment in the past 24 months; Karyopharm: Current Employment. Shah:Karyopharm: Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company. Shacham:Karyopharm: Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company, Patents & Royalties: (8999996, 9079865, 9714226, PCT/US12/048319, and I574957) on hydrazide containing nuclear transport modulators and uses, and pending patents PCT/US12/048319, 499/2012, PI20102724, and 2012000928) . Kauffman:Karyopharm Therapeutics Inc: Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees.

Author notes

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Asterisk with author names denotes non-ASH members.