Cell death can be initiated through activation of the extrinsic and intrinsic apoptotic signaling pathways. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL), a member of the TNF superfamily of cytokines, preferentially triggers the extrinsic apoptotic pathway by binding as a trimer to two closely related cell surface death receptors, TRAIL-R1 (DR4) and TRAIL-R2 (DR5). Receptor trimerization leads to the formation of the death-inducing signaling complex (DISC) to recruit and activate downstream caspases that ultimately leads to apoptotic cell death. Because TRAIL signaling induces apoptosis, several TRAIL receptor agonists have been developed for the treatment of cancer. ABBV-621 is a novel, second generation TRAIL receptor agonist that is an engineered fusion protein consisting of an IgG1-Fc linked to a single chain trimer of TRAIL subunits resulting in a total of six death receptor binding sites per molecule to maximize receptor clustering that is currently being tested in Phase I clinical trials (NCT03082209).

To expand upon the potential therapeutic utility of ABBV-621, we tested the combinatorial activity of ABBV-621 with numerous standard-of-care (SoC) therapeutics and targeted agents in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and multiple myeloma (MM) cell lines. Thein vitroresults led to selection of agents to combine with ABBV-621 forin vivostudies. In DLBCL cell line-derived xenograft (CDX) preclinical models, we observed combination activity of ABBV-621 with pevonedistat (PEV) a selective NEDD8 inhibitor. Additionally, synergistic activity was observed with ABBV-621 with either bendamustine (BED) or rituximab (RTX) alone, or BED/RTX together. In AML, we observed compelling combination activity of ABBV-621 with PEV in cell line-derived xenograft (CDX) models. In MM, combination of ABBV-621 plus bortezomib (BTZ) resulted in deeper anti-tumorigenic activity than either agent alone in several CDX models. The pre-clinical data presented here support expanding the indications and settings where ABBV-621 may have utility. A clinical trial assessing the activity of ABBV-621 in combination with bortezomib and dexamethasone in R/R MM patients is planned.

Disclosures:

All authors are employees of AbbVie. The design, study conduct, and financial support for this research were provided by AbbVie. AbbVie participated in the interpretation of data, review, and approval of the publication.

Disclosures

Smith:AbbVie:Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company.Jin:AbbVie:Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company.Chen:AbbVie:Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company.Zhang:AbbVie:Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company.Huska:AbbVie:Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company.Widomski:AbbVie:Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company.Bontcheva:AbbVie:Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company.Buchanan:AbbVie:Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company.Morgan-Lappe:AbbVie:Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company.Phillips:AbbVie:Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company.Tahir:AbbVie:Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company.

Author notes

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Asterisk with author names denotes non-ASH members.