Background: Patient (pts) with MCL who progress after BTKi therapy have a median overall survival of only 5.8 mo with salvage therapies (Martin, et al. Blood 2016). KTE-X19 is an autologous anti-CD19 chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell therapy being evaluated in the Phase 2, registrational, multicenter ZUMA-2 study of pts with R/R MCL after 1 - 5 prior therapies, including a BTKi. In the primary analysis of ZUMA-2 (N = 60), the objective response rate (ORR) with KTE-X19 treatment (median follow-up 12.3 mo) was 93% (67% complete response [CR] rate; Wang et al. N Engl J Med 2020). Here, we describe a comparative analysis of KTE-X19 pharmacology profile and outcomes by MCL morphology and prior BTKi exposure (ibrutinib [Ibr] and/or acalabrutinib [Acala]), accompanied by basic product attribute characterization.

Methods: Eligible pts with R/R MCL underwent leukapheresis and conditioning chemotherapy followed by a single infusion of 2 × 106 anti-CD19 CAR T cells/kg (Wang et al. N Engl J Med 2020). Product attributes, CAR T cell levels in blood, and cytokine levels in serum were assessed using methods previously described (Locke et al. Mol Ther 2017). Clinical outcomes are reported in the 60 efficacy-evaluable pts; product attributes and pharmacology data are reported for all 68 treated pts (data cutoff 7/24/2019). Additional pharmacodynamic and cytogenetic data were generated and will be presented.

Results: At baseline, 40 pts (59%) had classical MCL, 17 (25%) had blastoid MCL, and 4 (6%) had pleomorphic MCL as assessed by investigator. Before study entry, 52 pts (76%) had prior Ibr, 10 (15%) had prior Acala, and 6 (9%) had both; 88% had BTKi-refractory disease.

In manufactured KTE-X19 products, median (range) CD4/CD8 ratios for pts with classical, blastoid, or pleomorphic MCL were 0.7 (0.04 - 2.8), 0.6 (0.2 - 1.1), or 0.7 (0.5 - 2.0), respectively. Product T cell phenotypes (median [range]) included less differentiated CCR7+ T cells (classical 40.0% [2.6 - 88.8]; blastoid 35.3% [14.3 - 73.4]; pleomorphic 80.8% [57.3 - 88.8]) and effector + effector memory CCR7- T cells (classical 59.9% [11.1 - 97.4]; blastoid 64.8% [26.6 - 85.7]; pleomorphic 19.2% [11.1 - 42.7]). Median (range) interferon (IFN)-γ levels by coculture in pts with classical, blastoid, or pleomorphic MCL were 6309.5 pg/mL (424.0 - 20,000), 6510.0 pg/mL (2709.0 - 18,000), or 7687.5 pg/mL (424.0 - 12,000), respectively. In pts with classical, blastoid, or pleomorphic MCL, median (range) peak CAR T cell levels were 77.6 cells/µL (0.2 - 2241.6), 35.0 cells/µL (0.2 - 2589.5), or 144.9 cells/µL (39.2 - 431.3), respectively. ORR/CR rates were 93%/65% in pts with classical MCL, 88%/53% in those with blastoid MCL, and 100%/75% in those with pleomorphic MCL. The 12-mo survival rates in pts with classical, blastoid, or pleomorphic MCL were 86.7%, 67.9%, or 100%, respectively. Grade ≥ 3 cytokine release syndrome (CRS) and neurologic events occurred in 15% and 38% of pts with classical MCL, 6% and 8% of pts with blastoid MCL, and 25% and 50% of pts with pleomorphic MCL.

For pts who received prior Ibr, Acala, or both, median CD4/CD8 ratios in manufactured KTE-X19 products were 0.7 (range, 0.04 - 3.7), 0.6 (range, 0.3 - 1.2), or 1.0 (range, 0.7 - 1.9), respectively. Product T cell phenotypes (median [range]) included less differentiated CCR7+ T cells (Ibr 39.3% [2.6 - 86.4]; Acala 42.7% [16.3 - 88.8]; both 49.5% [14.3 - 83.0]) and CCR7- effector + effector memory T cells (Ibr 60.6 [13.7 - 97.4]; Acala 57.3% [11.1 - 83.8]; both 50.6% [17.0 - 85.7]). Median (range) levels of IFN-γ by coculture in pts with prior Ibr, Acala, or both was 6496.0 pg/mL (424.0 - 20,000), 5972.5 pg/mL (2502.0 - 18,000), or 7985.5 pg/mL (2709.0 - 12,000), respectively. For pts with prior Ibr, Acala, or both, median (range) peak CAR T cell levels were 95.9 (0.4 - 2589.5), 13.7 (0.2 - 182.4), or 115.9 (17.2 - 1753.6), respectively. ORR/CR rates were 94%/65% in pts with prior Ibr, 80%/40% in pts with prior Acala, and 100%/100% in pts with both BTKis. The 12-mo survival rates in pts with prior Ibr, Acala, or both were 81%, 80%, or 100%, respectively. Grade ≥ 3 CRS and neurologic events occurred in 17% and 31% of pts with prior Ibr, 10% and 10% of pts with Acala, and 0 and 67% of pts with both BTKis.

Conclusions: All subgroups defined by MCL morphology or prior BTKi drew clinical benefit from KTE-X19 treatment, with lower post-treatment CAR T cell levels in pts with blastoid morphology or previously treated with Acala alone.

Disclosures

Wang:OMI: Honoraria, Other: Travel, accommodation, expenses; MoreHealth: Consultancy; Loxo Oncology: Consultancy, Research Funding; Celgene: Consultancy, Other: Travel, accommodation, expenses, Research Funding; VelosBio: Research Funding; Nobel Insights: Consultancy; Dava Oncology: Honoraria; Guidepoint Global: Consultancy; Pulse Biosciences: Consultancy; Lu Daopei Medical Group: Honoraria; AstraZeneca: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: Travel, accommodation, expenses, Research Funding; Pharmacyclics: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: Travel, accommodation, expenses, Research Funding; Janssen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: Travel, accommodation, expenses, Research Funding; Targeted Oncology: Honoraria; Oncternal: Consultancy, Research Funding; Molecular Templates: Research Funding; Verastem: Research Funding; InnoCare: Consultancy; OncLive: Honoraria; Acerta Pharma: Research Funding; Beijing Medical Award Foundation: Honoraria; Kite Pharma: Consultancy, Other: Travel, accommodation, expenses, Research Funding; Juno: Consultancy, Research Funding; BioInvent: Research Funding. Rossi:Gilead Sciences: Current equity holder in publicly-traded company; Kite, a Gilead Company: Current Employment. Munoz:Millenium: Research Funding; Incyte: Research Funding; Portola: Research Funding; Merck: Research Funding; AbbVie: Consultancy, Speakers Bureau; Genentech/Roche: Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; AstraZeneca: Speakers Bureau; Verastem: Speakers Bureau; Acrotech/Aurobindo: Speakers Bureau; Innovent: Consultancy; Fosunkite: Consultancy; Beigene: Consultancy, Speakers Bureau; Alexion: Consultancy; Juno/Celgene/BMS: Consultancy, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Janssen: Consultancy, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Pfizer: Consultancy; Kyowa: Consultancy, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Seattle Genetics: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Pharmacyclics: Consultancy, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Bayer: Consultancy, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Kite, a Gilead Company: Consultancy, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau. Goy:AstraZeneca: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: leadership role, Research Funding; Karyopharm: Research Funding; Acerta: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: leadership role, Research Funding; Constellation: Research Funding; Regional Cancer Care Associates/OMI: Current Employment; Infinity Verastem: Research Funding; Infinity: Research Funding; Janssen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: leadership role, Research Funding; Kite, a Gilead Company: Consultancy, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company, Honoraria, Other: leadership role, Research Funding; Xcenda: Consultancy; Genentech/Roche: Research Funding; COTA: Consultancy, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company, Other: leadership role; Celgene: Honoraria, Research Funding; PracticeUpdate Oncology: Consultancy; Bayer: Research Funding; RCCA/OMI: Current Employment; Hackensack UMC and University of Nebraska: Research Funding; AbbVie: Research Funding; MD Anderson: Research Funding; Morphosys: Research Funding; CALBG: Research Funding. Locke:Kite, a Gilead Company: Consultancy, Research Funding; Celgene/Bristol-Myers Squibb: Consultancy; Novartis: Consultancy; Calibr: Consultancy; Allogene: Consultancy; Cellular Biomedicine Group: Other: Consultancy with grant options; GammaDelta Therapeutics: Consultancy; Wugen: Consultancy. Reagan:Kite, a Gilead Company: Consultancy; Curis: Consultancy; Seattle Genetics: Research Funding. Jacobson:Celgene/BMS: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: travel support; Precision Biosciences: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: travel support; Nkarta: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: travel support; AXIS: Speakers Bureau; Clinical Care Options: Speakers Bureau; Pfizer: Research Funding; Lonza: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: travel support; Novartis: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: travel support; Kite, a Gilead Company: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: travel support. Hill:Genentech: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; AstraZenica: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Kite, a Gilead Company: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Novartis: Consultancy, Honoraria; BMS: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Celgene: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Takeda: Research Funding; Karyopharm: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Beigene: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Abbvie: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Pharmacyclics: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding. Holmes:Texas Oncology PA: Current Employment; Gilead/Kite, Celgene/Juno, Rigel, Karyopharm, Janssen, Dova: Consultancy; Gilead/Kite, Novartis, Autolus, Celgene/Juno/bluebird, Genentech, Inc., Rigel, Janssen, Unum, ADC Therapeutics, Seattle Genetics, Incyte, Verastem: Research Funding; Kite, Karyopharm, Seattle Genetics, Rigel, Dova: Speakers Bureau. Jaglowski:CRISPR: Consultancy; Novartis: Consultancy, Research Funding; Juno: Consultancy; Kite, a Gilead Company: Consultancy, Research Funding. Peng:Kite, a Gilead Company: Current Employment; Gilead Sciences: Current equity holder in publicly-traded company. Zheng:Gilead Sciences: Current equity holder in publicly-traded company; Kite, a Gilead Company: Current Employment. Fang:Kite, a Gilead Company: Current Employment; Gilead: Current equity holder in publicly-traded company. Xue:Kite, a Gilead Company: Current Employment; Kite, a Gilead Company: Current equity holder in private company. Kloos:Kite, a Gilead Company: Current Employment, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company. Bot:Kite, a Gilead Company: Current Employment; Gilead Sciences: Consultancy, Current equity holder in publicly-traded company, Other: Travel support .

Author notes

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Asterisk with author names denotes non-ASH members.