Introduction: Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell therapy directed against B cell maturation antigen (BCMA) has shown promising results for the treatment of relapsed refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM) in several phase 1 studies. Persistence of CAR T cells post infusion may be one determinant of duration of response. bb21217 is a next-generation anti-BCMA CAR T cell therapy based on investigational therapy idecabtagene vicleucel (bb2121) (Friedman 2018, Hum Gene Ther 29:585) that uses the same lentiviral CAR T design as bb2121, but adds the phosphoinositide 3-kinase inhibitor bb007 during ex vivo culture to enrich the drug product for memory-like T cells. Evidence suggests that CAR T cells with this phenotype may be more persistent and more potent than unselected CAR T cells. CRB-402 is a first-in-human study of bb21217 in patients with RRMM designed to assess safety, pharmacokinetics, efficacy and duration of effect.

Methods: CRB-402 (NCT03274219) is an ongoing, multi-center phase 1 dose escalation trial of bb21217 planning to enroll 74 patients with RRMM who received ≥ 3 prior regimens, including a proteasome inhibitor and an immuno-modulatory agent, or are double-refractory to both classes. During dose escalation, enrollment is restricted to patients with ≥ 50% BCMA expression by IHC on malignant plasma cells. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells are collected via leukapheresis and sent to a central facility for transduction, expansion and release testing prior to being returned to the site for infusion. Patients undergo lymphodepletion with fludarabine (30 mg/m2) and cyclophosphamide (300 mg/m2) daily for 3 days, then receive bb21217 as a single infusion. Planned dose levels are 150, 450, 800, and 1,200 x 106 CAR+ T cells and intermediate dose levels are allowed. The primary outcome measure is incidence of adverse events (AEs), including dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs). Additional outcome measures are quality and duration of clinical response assessed according to the IMWG Uniform Response Criteria, evaluation of minimal residual disease (MRD), progression-free and overall survival, and quantification of CAR+ T cells in blood.

Results: Asof April 20, 2019, 22 patients (median age 63 [min;max 42 to 74]) have received bb21217 (12 at 150, 6 at 300 and 4 at 450). Eleven had high tumor burden, defined as ≥ 50% bone marrow plasma cells pre-infusion. Patients had a median of 7 (min;max 4 to 17) prior lines of therapy and 18/22 had prior autologous stem cell transplant; 7/22 had high-risk cytogenetics. Of the 22 patients, 19 received prior daratumumab, 13 received prior Bort/Len/Car/Pom/Dara. Median follow-up after bb21217 infusion was 23 weeks (<1 to 77 weeks). As of data cut-off, 13/22 patients developed cytokine release syndrome (CRS; 5 G1, 7 G2, 1 G3) and responded to supportive care, tocilizumab and/or corticosteroids. Five patients developed neurotoxicity [1 G1, 2 G2, 1 G3 (vertigo/dizziness), 1 G4 (encephalopathy, previously reported)]. For the 1 patient with G4 neurotoxicity, G3 CRS was also reported; both have resolved. A total of 18 patients were evaluable for response with ≥ 2 months of follow up or PD within 2 months. Fifteen (83%) patients demonstrated clinical response per IMWG criteria. Six of these subjects subsequently progressed. Nine patients remained in response, including 2 patients with ongoing response at months 15 and 18. MRD negative results at 10-5 nucleated cells or better were obtained by NGS in 10/10 evaluable responders at month 1. Overall, 6/8 patients evaluable at 6 months and 2/2 patients evaluable at 12 months had detectable CAR T cells in blood. Updated data from this study will be presented, including extended follow-up on the initial patients treated and early clinical and CAR T cell persistence data from at least 15 additional patients treated with up to 450 x 106 CAR+ T cells.

Conclusions: The adverse events observed to date were manageable and consistent with known toxicities of CAR T therapies. Initial efficacy results with bb21217 CAR T therapy in heavily pretreated RRMM are encouraging, with 83% of patients demonstrating clinical response. Emerging data demonstrate long-term persistence of CAR T cells in long-term responders. Updated data to be presented will help determine whether treatment with bb21217 results in sustained CAR T cell persistence and durable clinical responses, and whether bb21217 is tolerated at higher doses.

Disclosures

Berdeja:AbbVie Inc, Amgen Inc, Acetylon Pharmaceuticals Inc, Bluebird Bio, Bristol-Myers Squibb Company, Celgene Corporation, Constellation Pharma, Curis Inc, Genentech, Glenmark Pharmaceuticals, Janssen Biotech Inc, Kesios Therapeutics, Lilly, Novartis, Poseida: Research Funding; Poseida: Research Funding; Amgen Inc, BioClinica, Celgene Corporation, CRISPR Therapeutics, Bristol-Myers Squibb Company, Janssen Biotech Inc, Karyopharm Therapeutics, Kite Pharma Inc, Prothena, Servier, Takeda Oncology: Consultancy. Alsina:Bristol-Myers Squibb: Research Funding; Janssen: Speakers Bureau; Amgen: Speakers Bureau. Shah:Celgene, Janssen, Bluebird Bio, Sutro Biopharma: Research Funding; Poseida: Research Funding; Bristol-Myers Squibb: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Amgen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Nkarta: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Kite: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Teneobio: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Indapta Therapeutics: Equity Ownership; Genentech, Seattle Genetics, Oncopeptides, Karoypharm, Surface Oncology, Precision biosciences GSK, Nektar, Amgen, Indapta Therapeutics, Sanofi: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; University of California, San Francisco: Employment. Siegel:Takeda: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Amgen: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Celgene: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Bristol-Myers Squibb Company: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Janssen: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau. Jagannath:Celgene: Consultancy; Novartis: Consultancy; BMS: Consultancy; Medicom: Speakers Bureau; Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation: Speakers Bureau; Merck: Consultancy. Madduri:Abbvie: Consultancy; Celgene: Consultancy; Takeda: Consultancy; undation Medicine: Consultancy. Kaufman:Janssen: Honoraria; Pharmacyclics: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; AbbVie: Consultancy; Takeda: Consultancy; Amgen: Consultancy; Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University: Employment; Bristol-Myers Squibb: Consultancy; Incyte: Consultancy; Karyopharm: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; TG Therapeutics: Consultancy; Celgene: Consultancy. Munshi:Janssen: Consultancy; Amgen: Consultancy; Takeda: Consultancy; Oncopep: Consultancy; Celgene: Consultancy; Adaptive: Consultancy; Abbvie: Consultancy. Rosenblatt:BMS: Other: Advisory Board ; Parexel: Consultancy; Imaging Endpoint: Consultancy; Partner Tx: Other: Advisory Board; Dava Oncology: Other: Education; BMS: Research Funding; Amgen: Other: Advisory Board; Celgene: Research Funding; Merck: Other: Advisory Board. Turka:bluebird bio: Employment. Lam:bluebird bio: Employment. Massaro:bluebird bio: Employment. Campbell:Celgene Corporation: Employment, Equity Ownership. Hege:Celgene Corporation: Employment, Equity Ownership, Patents & Royalties; Mersana Therapuetics: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Arcus Biosciences: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Petrocca:bluebird bio: Employment. Raje:Amgen Inc.: Consultancy; Bristol-Myers Squibb: Consultancy; Celgene Corporation: Consultancy; Takeda: Consultancy; Janssen: Consultancy; Merck: Consultancy.

Author notes

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Asterisk with author names denotes non-ASH members.