Background

Tisagenlecleucel is a CD19-directed genetically modified autologous T-cell immunotherapy approved for the treatment of patients up to 25 years of age with B-cell ALL that is refractory or in second or later relapse. In the pivotal ELIANA trial, 79 patients were treated with tisagenlecleucel. The best overall response rate (CR/CRi) was 82%; 98% of patients who achieved CR/CRi were also negative for minimal residual disease (MRD). With a median follow-up of 24 months, the median duration of remission was not reached. Grade 3 or higher cytokine release syndrome (CRS) by UPenn criteria and neurotoxicity within the first 8 weeks after infusion occurred in 49% and 13%, respectively (Grupp, et al. Blood 2018, Abstr 895). The CIBMTR CT Registry was developed to collect long-term safety and efficacy information on recipients of cellular immunotherapies and it is utilized for a post marketing study of tisagenlecleucel in the real world setting.

Methods

Clinical data from the CT registry were analyzed for baseline information. Efficacy and safety data were presented among patients with a minimum of 3 months follow-up. CRS and immune effector cell-associated neurotoxicity syndrome (ICANS) were reported as per the ASTCT consensus criteria. Additionally, manufacturing product characteristics of tisagenlecleucel were compared to clinical outcomes. The association of number of cells administered, cell viability, potency, and transduction efficiency of tisagenlecleucel to overall response, CRS and ICANS grades was performed using descriptive summaries and univariate logistic regression analyses.

Results

Forty centers in the U.S. contributed data for refractory or relapsed pediatric or young adult patients with B-cell ALL through the CIBMTR CT registry as of May 31, 2019. Baseline information was available for 159 patients; 105 patients had at least the first follow up assessment reported at 3 months (Table 1). The median follow-up of survivors was 5.8 months (2.6-16.9 months). All patients received cells in the approved range for their weight with a median of 1.9 x 106/kg (range 0.2-4.6 x 106/kg) for children ≤ 50 kg and 0.9 x 108 (range 0.1-2.3 x 108) for children and young adults > 50 kg. The best overall response rate (CR) was 88% (95% CI 80%-94%). MRD was collected in 52 patients after tisagenlecleucel; all were negative. Importantly, among the 4 patients age < 3 years of age with more than 3 months of follow-up, all attained a CR. The 6-month duration of response, event-free survival and overall survival (OS) was 77%, 68% and 94%, respectively. After bridging therapy, there were 35 patients who attained CR and 63 patients who did not attain CR at the time of tisagenlecleucel infusion. The 6-month OS rate was 100% and 90.2% for patients attaining CR and not attaining CR, respectively. The rate of grade 3 or higher CRS and ICANS was 13.3% and 8.6%, respectively and was similar for patients age < 3 years. Clinically significant infections within the first 3 months occurred in 35.2% of patients; bacterial infections were most common. Deaths within 30 days following infusion occurred in 2 patients (due to disease progression and cerebral hemorrhage) and no deaths were attributed directly to tisagenlecleucel. Secondary malignancy was reported in 1 patient (myeloproliferative neoplasm). None of the manufacturing characteristics (cell viability, potency, nor transduction efficiency) or cell dose were associated with efficacy or safety. Importantly, analysis of cell viability showed no association with best overall response (Table 2).

Conclusions

The CIBMTR CT registry represents real world data for the treatment of pediatric patients with relapsed/refractory ALL and will allow follow up of these patients for 15 years. Tisagenlecleucel therapy in the real world setting demonstrated similar efficacy and safety compared to the pivotal ELIANA trial. None of the manufacturing characteristics analyzed (including % cell viability) correlated with response rates, CRS or ICANS. Updated results will be presented at the meeting.

Disclosures

Grupp:CBMG: Consultancy; Novartis: Research Funding; Kite: Research Funding; Servier: Research Funding; Novartis: Consultancy, Research Funding; Roche: Consultancy; GSK: Consultancy; Cure Genetics: Consultancy; Humanigen: Consultancy; Jazz: Other: study steering committees or scientific advisory boards; Adaptimmune: Other: study steering committees or scientific advisory boards. Pulsipher:Novartis: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau; Jazz: Other: Education for employees; Adaptive: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; CSL Behring: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Amgen: Other: Lecture; Bellicum: Consultancy; Miltenyi: Research Funding; Medac: Honoraria. Margossian:Novartis: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Curran:Novartis: Consultancy; Juno Therapeutics: Consultancy, Research Funding. Nikiforow:Kite/Gilead: Honoraria; Novartis: Honoraria; NKarta: Honoraria. Chawla:Novartis Pharma AG: Employment. Horowitz:Actinium: Other: Unrestricted educational and research grant; Mesoblast: Other: Unrestricted educational and research grant, Research Funding; CSL Behring: Other: Unrestricted educational and research grant, Research Funding; Daiichi Sankyo: Other: Unrestricted educational and research grant; Magenta: Consultancy, Other: Unrestricted educational and research grant; GlaxoSmithKline: Other: Unrestricted educational and research grant; Miltenyi Biotech: Other: Unrestricted educational and research grant, Research Funding; Bristol-Myers Squibb: Other: Unrestricted educational and research grant, Research Funding; Oncoimmune: Other: Unrestricted educational and research grant; Chimerix: Other: Unrestricted educational and research grant; Amgen: Other: Unrestricted educational and research grant; Shire: Other: Unrestricted educational and research grant; Gamida Cell: Other: Unrestricted educational and research grant, Research Funding; Janssen: Other: Unrestricted educational and research grant, Research Funding; Kite Pharma/Gilead: Other: Unrestricted educational and research grant, Research Funding; Pharmacyclics: Other: Unrestricted educational and research grant; Regeneron: Other: Unrestricted educational and research grant; Sanofi: Other: Unrestricted educational and research grant, Research Funding; Seattle Genetics: Other: Unrestricted educational and research grant. Bleickardt:Novartis: Employment. Pasquini:Novartis: Research Funding; Kit Pharma: Research Funding; BMS: Research Funding; Pfizer: Other: Advisory Board; Amgen: Consultancy; Medigene: Consultancy.

Author notes

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Asterisk with author names denotes non-ASH members.