The regulatory mechanism of human early T-lymphoid differentiation remains less defined. We previously reported that human telomerized bone marrow stromal cells support the generation of CD7+ CD56- early T- as well as CD10+ CD19+ early B-lymphoid precursors from human hematopoietic precursors. Here we examined whether and how early T lymphopoiesis is regulated by interaction with stromal cells. Low or no levels of LFA-1 were expressed on CD34+ CD38- CD45RA- immature hematopoietic precursors. However, high levels of LFA-1 were detected on CD34+ CD38- CD45RA+ CD10+ CD7+/- CD19- immature lymphoid precursors, while those of LFA-1 were diminished on CD34+ CD38+ CD45RA+ CD10+ CD19+ more mature pro B cells. On the other hand, ICAM-1 and ICAM-2 were expressed in a portion of the telomerized stromal cells. ICAM-3 was not detected. Various levels of ICAM-1, ICAM-2, or ICAM-3 were also expressed on hematopoietic and lymphoid precursors.
To examine the role of LFA-1-mediated adhesion to stromal cells or adjacent hematopoietic precccursors in early lymphoid differentiation, we examined the effect of anti-LFA-1 blocking antibody (Ab) on the differentiation of CD34+ CD45RA- CD7- CD10- CD38lo/- hematopoietic precursors in the cultures on stromal cells or with conditioned medium (CM) obtained from cultures of stromal cells. In the cultures on stromal cells, anti-LFA-1 Ab strongly inhibited the generation of CD7+ CD10- CD45RA+ and CD7- CD10+ CD45RA+ lymphoid precursors from hematopoietic precursors after 21 days of culture. Significant number of CD14+ monocytic cells was generated with or without anti-LFA-1 Ab. In the cultures with CM, anti-LFA-1 Ab showed marginable effect on lymphoid differentiation. To elucidate the effect of anti-LFA-1 Ab on more mature lymphoid precursors, CD7+ CD10- CD45RA+ or CD7- CD10+ CD45RA+ cells were isolated after culture of hematopoietic cells for 14 days and cultured on stromal cells in the presence or absence of anti-LFA-1 Ab. Anti-LFA-1 Ab remarkably inhibited the generation of CD7+ and CD10+ CD19+ lymphoid cells from the CD7+ CD10- CD45RA+ early T-lymphoid precursors. Notably, few or no CD45RA+ CD14- lymphoid cells were detected. Anti-LFA-1 Ab did not affect B-lineage differentiation from CD10+ CD19- CD45RA+ early B-lymphoid precursors to CD10+ CD19+ CD45RA+ proB cells. We next examined which ICAM ligand is responsible for the observed effects by anti-LFA-1 Ab. Anti-ICAM-2 Ab inhibited the generation of CD7+ CD45RA+ and CD10+ CD45RA+ lymphoid precursors from CD34+ CD45RA- CD7- CD10- CD38lo/- hematopoietic precursors on stromal cells, as observed with anti-LFA-1 Ab. No effect was observed with anti-ICAM-1 Ab. Anti-ICAM-2 Ab further suppressed the generation of CD7+ and CD10+ lymphoid cells from the cultured CD7+ CD10- CD45RA+ early T-lymphoid precursors, but did not depress B-lymphoid differentiation from the cultured CD7- CD10+ CD45RA+ early B-lymphoid precursors.
Taken together, these data indicate that LFA-1-mediated adhesion to ICAM-2 is essential for stromal cell-dependent early lymphoid differentiation of hematopoietic and CD7+ early T-lymphoid precursors.
No relevant conflicts of interest to declare.
Asterisk with author names denotes non-ASH members.